Location

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Site Name
Spritsail Tor (Prissens Tor) Cave
Parish
Llanmadoc
Gower Region
North/Central Gower
Latitude
0
Longitude
0
X
Y
Z
0
OSNG

Identification

Position

Spritsail Torr_APG3.jpg

Entrance

_K6A0323.jpg

Entrance Height (m)
0
Entrance Width (m)
0
Type of Cave
Archaeological, Palaeontological
Access

Description

Discoveries

Archaeology
Human Remains, Flint Debitage, Pottery
Time Period-Culture
Fauna
Badger - Meles meles, Brown Bear - Ursus arctos, Cave Bear - Ursus spelauys, Fox - Vulpes vulpes, Hyaena - Crocuta crocuta, Lion - Panthera leo, Marten - Martes martes, Polecat - Putorius putorius, Wolf - Canis lupus, Bison - Bison priscus, Irish Deer - Megaceros hibernicus, Red Deer - Cervus elaphus, Reindeer - Rangifer tarundus, Roe Deer - Capreolus capreolus, Woolly Rhinoceros - R. antiquitalis, Wild Horse - Equus caballus, Wild Ox - Bos primegenius, Wild Pig - Sus scrofa, Straight-tusked Elephant - Elephas antiquus, Mammoth - Elephas primigenius, Mountain Hare - Lepus timidus, Water Vole - Arvicola amphibius
Notes

Bibliography

Allen, E. E. and Rutter, J. G. (1948) Gower Caves: A Survey of the Gower Caves with an Account of Recent Excavations, Part 2. Welsh Guides. Available at: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ZNNQOgAACAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22J.+G.+Rutter%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bwicVcu5EcHYU-mYqKAL&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg (Accessed: 7 July 2015).
Branigan, K. and Dearne, M. J. (1991) A gazetteer of Romano-British cave sites and their finds. University of Sheffield, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology.
Davies, M. (1983) ‘Prissens Tor Cave, Llanmadoc’, Archaeology in Wales, 23, p. 15.
Davies, J. D. (2011) A History of W. Gower, Glamorganshire PT. 2. Historical Notices of the Parishes of Llanmadoc and Cheriton, PT. 3. Historical Notices of the Parishes ... the Parishes of Penrice, Oxwich & Nicholaston. Lightning Source UK Ltd.
Davies, M. (1984) ‘Archaeological caves in Gower –  old and new’, South Wales Caving Club Newsletter, pp. 22–26. Available at: http://swcc.org.uk/aboutswcc/newslett/archive/Newsletter98.pdf.
Davies, M. (1985) ‘Nature Conservanccy Council - Gower Countryside Centre’, South Wales Caving Club Newsletter, pp. 28–29.
Davies, M. (1989) ‘Recent advances in cave archaeology in southwest Wales’, in Ford, T. (ed.) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/earth-and-environmental-science/geomorphology-and-physical-geography/limestones-and-caves-wales?format=PB (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
De La Beche, H. T. (Henry T. (1851) The geological observer. Philadelphia, Blanchard and Lea. Available at: http://archive.org/details/geoloobserve00delarich (Accessed: 23 March 2018).
Falconer, H. (1860) ‘On the Ossiferous Caves of the Peninsula of Gower, in Glamorganshire, South Wales: With an Appendix, on a Raised Beach in Mewslade Bay, and the Occurrence of the Boulder-clay on Cefn-y-bryn; by J. Prestwich, Esq., F.R.S., Treas. G.S.’, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 16(1–2), pp. 487–491. doi: 10.1144/GSL.JGS.1860.016.01-02.66.
Ford, T. (ed.) (2011) Limestones and Caves of Wales. Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/earth-and-environmental-science/geomorphology-and-physical-geography/limestones-and-caves-wales?format=PB (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Gibson, A. M. (1982) Beaker domestic sites: a study of the domestic pottery of the late third and early second millenia B.C. in the British Isles. BAR 107. Oxford.
Howes, C. (1988) ‘Cave photography in South Wales prior to 1860’, Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain, 15(3), pp. 149–155.
Lydekker, R. (1884) ‘Notes on some fossil carnivora and rodentia.’, Geological Magazine, pp. 442–445.
Morris, B. (1970) ‘The caves of Gower’, Gower journal of the Gower Society, 21, pp. 36–49. Available at: http://welshjournals.llgc.org.uk/browse/viewpage/llgc-id:1272866/llgc-id:1274315/llgc-id:1274353/get650 (Accessed: 28 July 2015).
Murchison, C. (1868) Palaeontological memoirs and notes of H. Falconer, with a biographical sketch of the author Vol I. London: Robert Hardwicke. Available at: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/104175#page/11/mode/1up (Accessed: 9 February 2018).
Murchison, C. (1868) Palaeontological memoirs and notes of H. Falconer, with a biographical sketch of the author Vol II. London: Robert Hardwicke. Available at: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/104176#page/11/mode/1up.
Oldham, T. (1978) Caves of Gower. Anne Oldham (Privately printed) (Caves and limestones of South Wales). Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Caves-Gower-Tony-Oldham/dp/0904899071 (Accessed: 8 July 2015).
Penniman, T. K. (1932) ‘Culver Hole Cave and vicinity, Llangennith and Llanmadoc, Gower’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, 6(2), pp. 196–197.
Penniman, T. K. (1933) ‘Hyaena dens and shell heaps.’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, 7, pp. 72–73.
Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales (1976) An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales. Volume I: Pre-Norman Part I. The Stone and Bronze Ages. Cardiff: HMSO. Available at: https://rcahmw.gov.uk/publication/glamorgan-inventory-vol-1-part-1-the-stone-and-bronze-ages-ebook-2/ (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Savory, H. N. (1955) ‘A corpus of Welsh Bronze Age pottery. Part I: Beakers. Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, 16, pp. 215–241.
Strahan, A. (1907) The geology of the South Wales coal-field. Part IX, West Gower and the country around Pembury: being an account of the region comprised in sheet 246 of the map. London: H.M.S.O. (Memoirs / Geological Survey of Great Britain ;no. 246). Available at: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100629613 (Accessed: 23 March 2018).
Valdemar, A. E. (1970) ‘A preliminary report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters of Wales.’, Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain, 12(2), pp. 113–126.
Williams, A. (1939) ‘Prehistoric and Roman period pottery in the RISW’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 94, p. 29.

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