Site Name
Bacon Hole
Gower Region
South Mid-Gower



8K6A0992 Bacon Hole - cliff location_w.jpg

Entrance Height (m)
Entrance Width (m)
Type of Cave
Archaeological, Palaeontological



Ivory, Pottery
Time Period-Culture
Badger - Meles meles, Brown Bear - Ursus arctos, Cave Bear - Ursus spelauys, Fox - Vulpes vulpes, Hyaena - Crocuta crocuta, Polecat - Putorius putorius, Wolf - Canis lupus, Bison - Bison priscus, Red Deer - Cervus elaphus, Reindeer - Rangifer tarundus, Roe Deer - Capreolus capreolus, Soft-nosed Rhinoceros - Rhinoceros hemitoechus, Wild Ox - Bos primegenius, Wild Pig - Sus scrofa, Straight-tusked Elephant - Elephas antiquus, Water Vole - Arvicola amphibius







Allen, E. E. and Rutter, J. G. (1948) Gower Caves: A Survey of the Gower Caves with an Account of Recent Excavations, Part 2. Welsh Guides. Available at: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ZNNQOgAACAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22J.+G.+Rutter%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bwicVcu5EcHYU-mYqKAL&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAg (Accessed: 7 July 2015).
Allen, E. E. and Rutter, J. G. (1946) Gower Caves: A Survey of the Gower Caves with an Account of Recent Excavations, Part 1. Vaughan Thomas. Available at: https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=XC8nkgAACAAJ&dq=inauthor:%22J.+G.+Rutter%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bwicVcu5EcHYU-mYqKAL&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA (Accessed: 7 July 2015).
Dawkins, W. B. (1874) Cave Hunting Researches on the evidence of caves respecting the early inhabitants of Europe. London. Available at: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/52424 (Accessed: 23 March 2018).
Falconer, H. (1860) ‘On the ossiferous caves of the Peninsula of Gower, In Glamorganshire, South Wales.’, Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 16, pp. 487–491.
Falconer, H. (1868) Palaeontological memoirs and notes of the late Hugh Falconer. Robert Hardwicke, London. Available at: https://www.jnorman.com/pages/books/40957/hugh-falconer/palaeontological-memoirs-and-notes-of-the-late-hugh-falconer (Accessed: 9 February 2018).
Garrod, D. A. E. (1926) The upper palaeolithic age in Britain. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-upper-palaeolithic-age-Britain/dp/B003HKLC0C (Accessed: 8 July 2015).
Griffiths, A. P. (1972) ‘Recent work at Bacon Hole’, Gower journal of the Gower Society, 23, pp. 76–77.
Megaw, J. V. S. and Green, H. S. (1978) ‘A possible Bone flute from Bacon Hole cave, Gower’, Gower journal of the Gower Society, 29, pp. 52–53. Available at: http://welshjournals.llgc.org.uk/browse/viewpage/llgc-id:1272866/llgc-id:1275037/llgc-id:1275091/get650 (Accessed: 28 July 2015).
Morris, B. (1970) ‘The caves of Gower’, Gower journal of the Gower Society, 21, pp. 36–49. Available at: http://welshjournals.llgc.org.uk/browse/viewpage/llgc-id:1272866/llgc-id:1274315/llgc-id:1274353/get650 (Accessed: 28 July 2015).
Murchison, C. (no date) Palaeontological memoirs and notes of H. Falconer, with a biographical sketch of the author. London: Robert Hardwicke. Available at: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/104176.
Oldham, T. (1978) Caves of Gower. Anne Oldham (Privately printed) (Caves and limestones of South Wales). Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Caves-Gower-Tony-Oldham/dp/0904899071 (Accessed: 8 July 2015).
Oldham, T. (2003) Caves of Gower. Anne Oldham (Privately printed). Available at: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Caves-Gower-Tony-Oldham/dp/0904899071 (Accessed: 8 July 2015).
Sollas, W. J. (William J. (1911) Ancient hunters and their modern representatives. London : Macmillan. Available at: http://archive.org/details/ancienthunters00solluoft (Accessed: 23 March 2018).
Strahan, A. (1907) The geology of the South Wales coal-field. Part IX, West Gower and the country around Pembury: being an account of the region comprised in sheet 246 of the map. London: H.M.S.O. (Memoirs / Geological Survey of Great Britain ;no. 246). Available at: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100629613 (Accessed: 23 March 2018).
Stringer, C. (1975) ‘A preliminary report on new excavations at Bacon Hole’, Gower journal of the Gower Society, 26, pp. 32–37. Available at: http://welshjournals.llgc.org.uk/browse/viewpage/llgc-id:1272866/llgc-id:1274762/llgc-id:1274796/getText (Accessed: 7 July 2015).
Stringer, C. (1977) Evidence of climatic change and human occupation during the last interglacial at Bacon Hole Cave, Gower. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/5799288/Evidence_of_climatic_change_and_human_occupation_during_the_last_interglacial_at_Bacon_Hole_Cave_Gower (Accessed: 19 June 2015).
Stringer, C. B. et al. (1986) ‘Age of Pleistocene faunas from Bacon Hole, Wales’, Nature, (320). Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/32001358_Age_of_Pleistocene_faunas_from_Bacon_Hole_Wales (Accessed: 11 April 2018).
Sutcliffe, A. J., Currant, A. P. and Stringer, C. B. (1987) ‘Evidence of sea-level change from coastal caves with raised beach deposits, terrestrial faunas and dated stalagmites’, Progress in Oceanography, 18(1), pp. 243–271. doi: 10.1016/0079-6611(87)90035-8.
Wheeler, M. (1925) Prehistoric & Roman Wales. Clarendon Press.
Williams, A. (1941) ‘Local archaeology 1939-1941’, Proceedings of the Swansea Scientific and Field Naturalists Society, 2, pp. 130–132.
Williams, A. (1939) ‘Prehistoric and Roman period pottery in the RISW’, Archaeologia Cambrensis, 94, p. 29.


Back to List